Archive for 20151023-Fri

Sophos Home Launched


There is some very exciting news from Sophos — Sophos Home has launched (in beta) for free, for non-commercial use. It is licensed to never expire, and it works on Mac and Windows. This is very good news for every home computer!

Compiling the extension for PHP 5.3.5 on MediaTemple DV 4

We just enabled the MSSQL extension via FreeTDS on a Media Temple DV 4 VPS. Here’s a line by line of how we did it, borrowing heavily from
, but adding the particulars for the MediaTemple DV and for the particular version of PHP (5.3.5) that we were using:

Make a directory to hold these sources:

cd /
mkdir /source
cd /source

Grab the source of FreeTDS:


tar zxvf freetds-stable.tgz
cd freetds-0.91

./configure –enable-msdblib –prefix=/usr/local/freetds
make && make install

For some reason these files need to be copied over:

cp include/tds.h /usr/local/freetds/include
cp src/tds/.libs/libtds.a /usr/local/freetds/lib

cd /source

Adjust for your desired version of PHP (this example is 5.3.5):

tar xvfz php-5.3.5.tar.gz
cd php-5.3.5

cd ext/mssql
./configure –with-mssql=/usr/local/freetds

Now, when we first ran the make command we had to deal with a type redefinition in

nano /source/php-5.3.5/ext/mssql/php_mssql.h

Copy the extension to the proper directory… You can find out what directory it is with this command:

php -i | grep extension_dir

In our case it was /usr/lib64/php/modules.

cp modules/ /usr/lib64/php/modules

Edit php.ini file (this is the global one):

nano /etc/php.ini


Then restart your web server:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

and done!

Other PHP MSSQL Resources:



(For reference:)

I compiled the extension… but it looks like PHP is compiled with –disable-pdo. So I went back to mssql_connect as a connection method…

Logging in as the user to the bash shell, I could telnet to the database server’s ip at port 1433.

From the command line as well, I could run tsql (the diagnostic tool that comes with FreeTDS) and connect to the server, where I was able to verify that the hostname, instance, and dbname lookups are correct. I could even run T-SQL statements and query the database successfully from there.

I configured the FreeTDS conf file to have [appname] as a reference to the server, and then accessed via the following code in:

$hostname = 'appname';
 $username = 'username';
 $password = 'password';
$databasename = 'database';
//connection to the database
 $connection = mssql_connect($hostname, $username, $password)or die("Unable to connect to $hostname");
 echo "
Connected to MSSQL
$result = mssql_query("SELECT TOP 1 field from table");
$row = mssql_fetch_array($result);
Result from sample query: ".$row[0]."

Which outputs the expected:

Connected to MSSQL
Result from sample query: x


​This was the missing puzzle piece:



Apparently FreeTDS looks in /usr/local/etc by default, not /etc.